CE Certification and RoHS

CE Overview

The CE marking (also known as CE mark) is a mandatory conformity mark on many products placed on the single market in the European Economic Area (EEA). The CE marking certifies that a product has met EU consumer safety, health or environmental requirements.

The following is an excerpt from the European Commission's site:

By affixing the CE marking to a product, a manufacturer declares, on his sole responsibility, that the product meets all the legal requirements for the CE marking, which means that the product can be sold throughout the European Economic Area (EEA, the 27 Member States of the EU and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein). This also applies to products made in other countries which are sold in the EEA.

Questions and Answers related to CE Marking

What does the CE marking on a product indicate?

The CE marking is a declaration by the manufacturer that a product is in conformity with all applicable essential requirements set out in EU legislation providing for its affixing.

What requirements does an industrial monitor have to fulfill in order to be affixed with the CE marking?

See below for EC-directives for CE Marking, in accordance with the New Approach:



Document No.

Low voltage directive Products with a voltage rating of
50-1000 VAC or 75-1500 VDC
Compatibility (EMC)
Apparatus liable to cause electromagnetic
disturbance or which is liable to be affected
by such disturbance
RoHS directive Restriction Of the use of certain Hazardous

Is a product affixed with the CE marking always produced in the EU?

No. The CE marking only signals that all essential requirements have been fulfilled when the product was manufactured. The CE marking is not a mark of origin, as it does not indicate that the product was manufactured in the European Union. Consequently, a product affixed with the CE marking may have been produced anywhere in the world. Furthermore, the CE marking does not necessarily have to be affixed within the EU. It may be affixed in a third country, for example if the product is produced there. This also applies in cases where the CE marking shall be affixed together with an identification number from a notified body, provided that the notified body has carried out the conformity assessment in accordance with the applicable directives.

Are all CE marked products tested and approved by authorities?

No. In fact, many CE marked products are the sole responsibility of the manufacturer or importer, who affixes the CE marking through self-declaration of conformity. Only products which are regarded to be potentially dangerous, e.g. pressure vessels, lifts and certain machine tools require conformity assessment by a third party, i.e. a notified body.

What is a manufacturer's Declaration of Conformity?

The EC Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is a document which accompanies a product and in which the manufacturer, or his authorized representative within the European Economic Area (EEA), indicates that the product meets all the necessary requirements of the directives applicable to the specific product. The DoC shall also contain name and address of the manufacturer together with information about the product, such as brand and serial number. The DoC must be signed by an individual working for the manufacturer or his authorized representative, and the employee's function shall also be indicated.

Is CE marking mandatory, and if so; for what products?

Yes, CE marking is mandatory. However, only products which are covered by the scope of one or more of the New Approach directives shall be affixed with the CE marking in order to be placed on the EU market. Examples of products which fall under New Approach Directives are toys, electrical products, machinery, personal protective equipment and lifts. Products which are not covered by CE marking regulations shall not bear the CE marking.

What is the difference between the CE marking and other marks, and can other marks be affixed on the product if there is a CE marking?

The CE marking is the only marking which indicates conformity to all the essential requirements that manufacturers have to take into account in their production. A product may bear additional marks, provided that they don't have the same significance as the CE marking, that they are not liable to cause confusion with the CE marking, and that they do not impair the legibility and visibility of the CE marking. Thus, the CE marking should be the only marking indicating that a product is in conformity with Community harmonization legislation, and only insofar as other marks contribute to the improvement of consumer protection and are not covered by harmonization legislation of the European Union may other marks be used in this respect.

Does RoHS now fall under the CE mark?

Yes. Effective Jan. 3, 2013, there is new RoHS legislation that repeals all previous directives and amendments related to RoHS.  The new directive, 2011/65/EU, commonly called RoHS2, incorporates all the same restrictions and exemptions of previous RoHS legislation but includes new requirements for technical documentation and to provide a declaration of conformance in accordance with CE marking requirements.

Whom do I contact in order to get more information on the CE marking?

On the European Commission website, you can download the Guide to the Implementation of Directives Based on the New Approach and the Global Approach, (often referred to as "The Blue Guide").

General information on manufacturers' obligations, conformity assessment procedures and the affixing of the CE marking

RoHS Overview

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2011/65/EU restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment sold in Europe effective January 2, 2013. This Directive will ban the placing on the EU market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing more than agreed levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants.

All RoHS-compliant parts have less than or equal to the maximum concentration of 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials of lead, hex chrome, mercury, PBB, PBDE and 0.01% for cadmium, or qualify for an exemption to the above limits as defined in the Annex of the RoHS Directive.